Growing Sunflower from Sunflower Seeds

I’m a little sunflower look and see
Here is my stem and here are my leaves.
When the sun comes up, I turn my head.
When the sun goes down I go to bed.

Sunflower which has a big bright smiling face which turns its face towards the sun throughout the day. Sunflower got its name because it resembles sun and its scientific name is Helianthus annuus. It is an annual plant native to Americas and there are about 80 species of Sunflowers.

Sunflower PlantSunflower has a tall and thick stem delegated by an excellent, vibrant and bright blossom with rich yellow petals and a brown center, most likely, Sunflowers are most appreciated by children and flower gardeners. Sunflowers are one of the fastest growing plants and they can grow 8 to 12 feet tall in rich soil within six months. Sunflowers takes nearly 90 to 100 days from planting to maturity.

Planting Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower needs lot of warm and grows best in warm hot climates. Best time to plant Sunflowers are hot summers especially in mid-April and late May. Select a location where they can get lot of sunlight at least 6 to 7 hours a day. Prepare the soil for planting. Sunflower prefers pH between 6.0 and 7.5 and grows most types of the soil but ensure the soil drains well.

Purchase Sunflower seeds from online or from your local nursery. Before you plant the sunflower seeds, allow the soil to warm at least to the soil temperature of 55 to 60 degrees F. Once the soil is warm plant the seed directly into the soil pushing them 1 inch deep. If you want to grow more than one plant then grow them in a row giving a space of 18 inches.

Sunflower grows bigger and healthier when given lot of spaces. Cover the seed with soil with a light application of an organic fertilizer to boost fast growth. Water thoroughly the seeding area to wet the soil not to over flood with water. Do not let the seeds dry out. Water them every day until germination, ensure no to make the soil soggy. It takes 7 to 12 days to the seeds to germinate.

Sunflower Care

Once the seedlings reaches to six inches, thin them to two feet this will help the plant to grow fast and healthy. Feed the plant at the growing stage with the base nutrients and with the bloom booster while flowering stage. Keep a bamboo stake to give them a support for a short period until the stem grows thick and strong.

Harvest Sunflower

Once the plant start flowering cut them with a long stem if you want to arrange them for bouquets. If you want to have seeds then leave the flower in the plant itself to mature. But protect your plants from birds, pests and from squirrels as they eat the seeds.

Uses of Sunflowers

Every part of the Sunflower is used in many ways. Sunflower buds are used to cook and eaten like artichokes as they are rich in Vitamin A, B, and E. They also contain 55% protein along with phosphorus, nitrogen, calcium and iron. Sunflower oil is extracted from its seeds which is used for cooking, making soap and candles. Sunflowers is used to decorate your house, keeping them in the flower pot and also in flower bouquets.

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